EU Guidance

Since 2012, the European Council and Commission have published guidance, in various forms, in relation to the imposition and enforcement of EU economic sanctions. Regime specific guidance (including guidance on Russia sanctions) can be found below.

The platform for reporting past, ongoing or planned sanctions violations, or attempted violations, is available here: EU Sanctions Whistleblower Tool.

General Guidance by the European Council, European Commission & European Parliament

General European Commission Opinions

  • Opinion on the compatibility of national asset freezes imposed by Member States with Union law
  • Opinion on the application of derogations from the freezing of funds and from the prohibition to make funds and economic resources available to designated persons and entities
  • Opinion on provision of higher education in the framework of a prohibition to provide technology or technical assistance to a third country

 

General European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) Opinions

  • Joint Opinion on the notifications for Prior Checking received from the Data Protection Officer of the Council of the European Union regarding the processing of personal data for restrictive measures with regard to the freezing of assets
  • Opinion on a notification for Prior Checking received from the Data Protection Officer of the European Commission regarding the Processing of personal data in connection with regulations requiring asset freezing as CFSP related restrictive measures

 

Sector Specific Guidance

  • European Commission Guidance Note on the provision of humanitarian aid to countries and areas subject to EU sanctions (Syria, Iran, Venezuela, Nicaragua, terrorism sanctions)
  • European Commission Guidance Note on the provision of humanitarian aid to fight the COVID-19 pandemic in certain environments subject to EU sanctions (clarification on Covid-19 vaccines and therapeutics, EU counter-terrorism sanctions, Iran, Nicaragua, Syria, Venezuela)
  • European Commission Factsheet on member state procedures to grant humanitarian derogations from EU restrictive measures (sanctions)
  • European Commission Guidance on internal compliance programmes for controls of research involving dual-use items under Regulation (EU) 2021/821
  • European Commission Guidance (FAQs) on EU restrictions on exports of personal protective equipment outside of the EU

 

Regime Specific Guidance

Belarus

Central African Republic

  • European Commission Opinion on the release of frozen funds under Council Regulation (EU) No 224/2014

Republic of Guinea

  • EDPS Opinion on various legislative proposals imposing certain specific restrictive measures in respect of Somalia, Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of Korea and Guinea

Human Rights

Iran

  • Q&A: Due Diligence on restrictive measures for EU businesses dealing with Iran
  • Due Diligence Helpdesk on EU sanctions for EU SMEs dealing with Iran
  • European Commission EU Sanctions Tool - Iran
  • European Commission Opinion on freezing funds of a non-designated person transferred from a designated bank, and the "extraordinary expenses" under Art 28 of Council Regulation (EU) 267/2012

Libya

  • European Commission Opinion on changes to the features of frozen funds
  • European Commission Opinion on Article 5(4) of Council Regulation (EU) 2016/44 - handling frozen funds located in and outside Libya

Myanmar

  • EU Commission Guidance Note on the implementation of certain provisions of Council Regulation (EU) 401/2013 (Myanmar) (Press Release)

North Korea

  • European Commission Guidance Note on the import and export ban on luxury goods under Council Regulation 2017/1509 (restrictive measures towards DPRK)
  • EDPS Opinion on various legislative proposals imposing certain specific restrictive measures in respect of Somalia, Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of Korea and Guinea

Russia

European Commission FAQs on sanctions adopted following Russia's military aggression against Ukraine

Somalia

  • EDPS Opinion on various legislative proposals imposing certain specific restrictive measures in respect of Somalia, Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of Korea and Guinea

Syria

Terrorism

  • EDPS Opinion on the proposal for a Council Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 881/2002 imposing certain specific restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities associated with Usama bin Laden, the Al-Qaida network and the Taliban

Zimbabwe

  • EDPS Opinion on various legislative proposals imposing certain specific restrictive measures in respect of Somalia, Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of Korea and Guinea

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